Baginton and Bubbenhall Neighbourhood Plan

Ended on the 21 July 2017
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5

(10) 5.0 Baginton

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The Baginton Oak


Early historical development


5.1
There is an early record of the village in the Domesday survey, which records Baginton under the name of "Badechitone". Although there is an indirect reference in a grant of land about 1150, the church is first mentioned specifically in the reign of Henry II (1154-1189) as a chapel attached to the church at Stoneleigh, when that church was given to Kenilworth Priory.


5.2
Nothing of this chapel (or earlier buildings) remains and the present building was built (or reconstructed) in the 13th century. At that time the manor included 12 villeins and 12 freeholders; that is 24 families excluding the castle.


5.3
By 1730, there were 27 houses in the village, and 5 on the "waste" (or common). In the 19th century Baginton was typical of many South Warwickshire villages and derived its income mainly from agriculture.  Baginton Hall was home to the Bromley family which had included  a former Speaker and Secretary of State and hosted a visit by Queen Anne.


5.4
Lucy Price was the last of the Bromleys and her death in 1822 meant that continuity came to an end. However, the Hall continued with to a succession of tenants. These included the younger brother of the Prime Minister Robert Peel. The brother and members of his family are buried in the churchyard.


5.5
In 1889 Baginton Hall was destroyed by an enormous fire. Thus, by the end of the century the Hall had gone and with it the focal point of the community. The village had also lost what had once been its main employer. Only the Church and Corn Mill remained to give evidence of what was a distinguished and ancient community. To replace it, the only significant new building that took place during the century was the School Hall (now the old School House) built in 1873 and the Row built for Agricultural Labourers in 1877.


5.6
With the hall ceasing as a major employer and with the growing industrialisation of Coventry where wages tended to be higher, it is unsurprising that over the course of the century the population declined from 300 at the time of the first census in 1801 to just 174 people 100 years later.


5.7
The sale of the Bromley estate in the 1920s led to much of the land being bought up by property developers and ensured that a steady supply of new housing came on the market over the remainder of the century. In addition, it provided employment in building, quarrying and industrial development.


5.8
During the second half of the century Baginton started to lose many of the services that were fast disappearing from most small rural communities. The school closed in 1976. The last rector at Baginton Church left in 1960 and the village policeman left soon after. Baginton currently continues as a community proud of its past and secure in its future. It has ceased to be the isolated rural community of former centuries but it has remained an identifiable community and looks set to remain so in the 21st century.


Baginton Today

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Church Road, Baginton


5.9
Baginton is a thriving community of around 600 people. There are a number of active groups including walkers, junior football, gardeners, WI, artists, church groups, RSPB events, car enthusiasts, thriving allotment association etc. and regular events, including an annual 'Party in the Park,' summer and winter fairs, cycling events, Guy Fawkes night etc.


5.10
To keep villagers informed there is a monthly newsletter which is delivered free to every house in the parish as well as a website.


5.11
Local businesses which serve the villagers, as well as visitors and provide employment include two public houses, a shop / post office, takeaway, five nurseries, a dog grooming business and the Royal British Legion. There is a unique quarry garden within one of the garden centres.


5.12
There are no formal educational or medical services in the village so all the children and anyone wanting to consult a doctor have to go out of Baginton. There is a village hall used for a range of village events and there is a highly-regarded air museum and an electric railway museum in the Parish.


5.13
There is a children's playground and also the Millennium field which is used for village events, football, picnics, walking and includes a community orchard. Adjacent there is the village green and ancient Baginton Oak tree, spinney, pond and operational Smithy.


5.14
The village enjoys the openness of its rural surroundings within the greenbelt, which provide an effective buffer against urban sprawl. There are adequate road links and cycle routes connecting Baginton to the industrial heartland of Coventry and the rest of Warwickshire and the West Midlands. The 539 bus goes through the village 5 times each way, per day. In recent years, there has been a huge increase in both vehicles and cyclists passing through the village. Baginton has also lost bus services in recent times. These cut backs have resulted in a dependency on cars for transport which in turn has led to the social isolation of young people as well as the elderly.


5.15
The village is rich in history, including the Grade I listed church, the Roman Lunt Fort, ice house, ancient mill [now one of the pub / restaurants] and Baginton Castle which is now becoming a popular visitors centre after years of neglect. The largest building in the village is the Exclusive Brethren Meeting Hall. A large part of the village is within a conservation area and the village enjoys variety of large and small dwellings, varying widely in age and design.


5.16
Villagers accept the need for additional housing.


5.17
The Parish also includes the Middlemarch Business Park and Coventry Airport, both of which provide employment for large numbers of local people.


5.18
The village depends on the greenbelt designation to maintain its residential village feel and all recent surveys and consultations show villagers are determined to that Baginton should remain washed over by greenbelt.


5.19
The Village Hall is a centre of local activities and is frequently utilised for village and private events. It attracts dog club shows from all over the country.

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Planning Policies – Housing

Roman Way, Baginton

5.20 Warwick District is subject to significant pressure for new housing development, but the designated neighbourhood area is largely within the green belt. The emerging Warwick District Local Plan identifies Baginton as a growth village, with an allocated housing site (H19) on land north of Rosswood Farm for 80 new houses, and there is a green field site (H08) identified within the Parish on the edge of Coventry at Oaklea Farm, Finham for 20 houses. These proposals are not accepted by Baginton Parish Council, who prefer the H19 allocation to be for no more than 35 houses as originally proposed. Land would have to be removed from the green belt at these locations to support this new development. Baginton village is currently washed over by the green belt and the remainder of the green belt should be retained.


5.21
The public consultation for the Baginton Parish Plan 201117 demonstrated widespread support for more housing for local people, housing for the elderly and young people. There was also support for housing to be designed to be "in keeping with the surrounding houses" and of eco- friendly design. The Baginton Housing Needs Survey of 2015 identified the local need for only one new house based on the sample of respondents received.


5.22
The Warwick District Appendix 5: Summary of Housing Needs Surveys and Key Findings November 201318 identified the following housing needs for the villages:

 Baginton - Need identified Feb 2008 - 17 homes (rent x12, shared ownership x5).


This was supported by Baginton Parish Council. This is now superseded by the survey of 2015 identifying only one housing need. Nevertheless, Baginton Parish Council supports sustainable development of new housing in the village.


5.23
The identified housing sites at Land north of Rosswood Farm and Oaklea Farm, Finham offer opportunities for new housing in the Parish to meet housing need.

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There is a requirement for more affordable smaller family units and housing for people looking to downsize from larger units. New housing should be integrated within the current built up area. The Rosswood Farm site will require a high level of environmental screening but would help reinforce or clearly define the entrance to the village.


5.24
Comments submitted by the Environment Agency at Regulation 14 consultation noted that following two allocated housing sites are located within the NDP Area:

H19 Baginton – Land north of Rosswood Farm: The site is located in Flood Zone 1 (low risk) as shown on our Flood Map for Planning (Rivers and Sea).

H08 greenfield site: The River Sowe flows through the southern boundary of the site and is located partly within Flood Zone 2 (medium risk). The Environment Agency suggested that a policy should be included to ensure all development is located outside of the River Sowe floodplain and this is addressed in a new Policy G7 Managing Flood Risk.

5.25 The Landscape, Sensitivity, and Ecological and Geological Study, 201319 provides a detailed review of landscape, ecology and considerations for site options within the growth villages.  In Baginton 13 sites were assessed in terms of landscape sensitivity including proposed housing site H19 in the emerging Warwick Local Plan. These areas are shown on Map 3 below:

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Map 3 Baginton Landscape Sensitivity to Housing Development

Bubbenhall Parish Council (Licensee) License No. 100051733

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5.26
The village is set within the Dunsmore Plateau Fringe landscape with its undulating topography of low rounded hills and narrow meandering river valleys. Local Plan housing site H19 is identified as site BA08 which has high / medium landscape sensitivity to housing development. The report advises that it is part of the Dunsmore Plateau Farmlands and as such is more elevated than the surrounding area and has a flat topography which also continues over the Coventry Airport area to the east. It is an open landscape comprising small to medium scale fields of pasture / paddocks. Internal field boundaries have largely been replaced by post and wire/tape fencing, although the road side hedge still remains intact. Due to the high visibility of this zone, and its proximity to the Conservation Area and area of designated Open Space to the north, development should be restricted to roadside only, with a landscape buffer of native tree planting to the west. Any development should not extend any further south than the pub.

5.27 Potential for landscape enhancement includes replacing fences with native hedgerows and planting a landscape buffer of native woodland around any new development.


Policy BAG1 - Land north of Rosswood Farm


Appropriate new development will be supported on Land north of Rosswood Farm (as shown on Map 2), provided that:


1.
Development comprises smaller family units (1-3 bedrooms) and housing for people looking to downsize from largerunits to small units, including housing designed for olderpeople;


2.
40% of new housing will be affordable housing. Affordable housing provision should be provided on site and be fully integrated into the scheme, with units designed to be "tenure blind";


3.
9% of market demand housing should be for specialist housing for olderpeople.


4.
Development is restricted to roadside only, with a landscape buffer of native tree planting to the west and fences should be replaced with nativehedgerows;


5.
Development is designed and sited to promote integration into the existing village and accessibility to village services and facilities is strengthened through footpath and cycle way enhancements;


6. A contribution to local village amenities to be made under S106 agreements or community infrastructure levy on any developments.


5.28
Land at Oakleigh Farm has been identified for new housing in the new Local Plan as Site H08 as shown on Map 2. The site is identified as CO4 in the SHLAA Assessment Tables 201420. It  is located on the edge of Coventry urban area. Finham has a range of services and facilities and is well connected to the wider urban area. The site is located within the Green Belt. The majority of the site is within the Stoneleigh and Ashow Neighbourhood Plan Area. There is a large domestic property (OakLeaFarm) on the site and a steep slope rising to south‐east. There are a large number of significant trees on site. Development could have a potential impact on nearby residential amenity. There is noise and air pollution from A46. Considerable noise pollution is notable from the site.Potentially suitable in part, subject to alteration of the Green Belt boundary, the protection of important trees and a significant buffer along the boundary of the A46. Development is achievable subject to designing a suitable scheme to overcome the configuration of the site and appropriate tree and vegetation cover/buffering.


Policy BAG2 Land at Oaklea Farm, Finham


New development for at least 20 new houses will be supported on Land at Oaklea Farm, provided that:


1.
Importanttreesonthesiteareprotectedandasignificantbuffer of appropriate trees, hedgerows and landscaping is provided along the boundary of theA46.

2. Development is designed and sited to promote integration into the existing village and accessibility to village services and facilities is strengthened through footpath and cycle way enhancements;

3. A contribution to local village amenities to be made underS106 agreements or community infrastructure levy on any developments.

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Planning Policies – Protecting and Enhancing Local Heritage

5.29 Warwick District Council has published a detailed description of the conservation area, the listed buildings within it, and its character in a conservation area advice leaflet21. The conservation area was designated in 2007. Other significant heritage assets outside the conservation area include the site of a former Roman military camp (Lunt Fort which is open to the public) and the remnants of a medieval castle Baggotts Castle. These are scheduled monuments.


Map 4 Baginton Conservation Area

Bubbenhall Parish Council (Licensee) License No. 100051733

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5.30
The village is on an elevated position looking towards Coventry. The character of the conservation area is defined by the former Baginton Hall. The Green is at the junction of Coventry Road which to the east is linked to a terrace of late 18th century cottages The Row. The Smithy is an interesting part timber framed building at the top of The Green. To the south west is an extension to The Green with a pond and a series of trees. Church Lane continues to the junction with Kimberley Road where there is a group of buildings at the historic core of

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the village including the Church of St John the Baptist, Link Cottage, Lucy Price House, Oak Farmhouse, No.2 and the Old Rectory. To the south of the Old Rectory are Pool Cottages and the stream which forms the boundary of Oak Farm. This is an attractive area adjacent to open countryside.

5.31 The historic core around Church Road and The Green contains much of the original fabric of the village and there is a cohesiveness to the group. To the north of The Green is the Millennium Field, a large area of agricultural land, leased to Baginton Parish Council from Coventry City Council for open space and amenity provision. Any development of these areas must be sympathetic to the conservation area status.

5.32 There are important views in the easterly and westerly direction along Church Road of the buildings which form the historic core. There are good views both inside and out of the conservation area from The Green. There are attractive views towards Pool Cottages and the stream within and outside the conservation area. There are broader views from The Row across the open field to the historic core and Oak and Home Farms. In addition, the views from the village to Coventry are a particularly pleasant vista and these unspoiled fields offer a natural buffer against urban sprawl, which must be maintained. Map 5 below identifies the views which are considered significant.

Map 5 Baginton Key Views

Bubbenhall Parish Council (Licensee) License No. 100051733

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Key

→Key View

The key significant views are illustrated below:

View 1.  View towards Coventry from Lunt Cottages

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View 2.  View towards Coventry from Rowley Road

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View 3.   View West from Churchyard

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View 4.  View south from Church Road

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View 5.  View South-West from Millennium Field

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5.33
The conservation area comprises a wide variety of buildings and amenities, including

 The Grade I listed Church of St John the Baptist,

 The Village Green with ancient Oak tree,

 A working brick built Smithy and the Millennium Field

 Sympathetically converted farm buildings, developed into dwelling houses of great character,

 The Old Rectory with 17th century house set back in acres of land

 A variety of other buildings constructed over the centuries including centuries old timber framed buildings, masonry buildings of different ages and more modern buildings constructed in late 20th century.


Character Areas


5.34
Baginton village has several character areas which have been identified and described by members of the Steering Group.  These are shown on Map 6 below.


Map 6 Baginton Character Areas

Bubbenhall Parish Council (Licensee) License No. 100051733

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5.35 The built form therefore comprises a great variety of dwellings of various forms and dates, and the different identified character areas are summarised as follows:


1.
Roman Way


This area of the village comprises a variety of detached homes constructed in the late 20th century of modern brick, rendered brick and tiled roof construction.

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View of typical housing in Roman Way


2.
MillHill


There is a wide variety of houses on Mill hill, with predominantly semi-detached houses to the south and detached bungalows and houses to the north. Construction varies but is in the main traditional masonry with tiled roofs.

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Typical housing stock in Mill Hill


3.
ConservationArea


This is a large part of the village with a great variety of houses of varying construction including centuries old stone and timber built dwellings, brick and rendered brick cottages, farm buildings, barn conversions and a variety of homes build in the 19th and 20th centuries. The conservation area is particularly pleasant and any development of this area must be in keeping with its surroundings.

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St John the Divine Listed Church, Baginton

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The Rectory, Church Road

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The Old Smithy, Church Road

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The Baginton Oak and the Row


4.
Coventry Road, Kimberly Road, Rowley Road and FrancesRoad


Houses and business in these areas again comprise a wide variety of forms, including flats, bungalows, terraced homes, semi-detached homes and detached homes. These are mainly of brick or rendered brick with tiled roof construction.

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Coventry Road housing

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Housing in Holly Walk

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The Lunt Cottages, Coventry Road

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Frances Road


5.
Oak Close, The Row, Andrews Close and outlyingareas


This area of the village comprises a variety of predominantly semi-detached houses, workman's' cottages, detached houses and dormer properties build in the 19th and 20th centuries. Construction varies and in the main comprises brick or rendered brick with tiled roofs. There are also various houses within the village but in outlying areas, again of varying construction.

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The Row

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Oak Close

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Coventry Road


5.36
New development in the village in addition to the sites identified above is likely to be small scale and on infill sites, and include extensions to existing properties. It is important that new development and alterations respect the existing built form and respond positively to the style, materials and scale of the different local character areas.


Policy BAG3 Protecting and Enhancing Baginton Village


New development within Baginton, including small infill sites and extensions to existing properties will be supported where they are sited and designed sensitively to enhance the setting of the conservation area and other parts of the village.


Schemes for well-designed self-build housing will be encouraged on small infill sites.


New development will be required to:


1.
Beofasuitablescale,heightandmassingwhichrespondstothe builtformofsurroundingproperties.Propertiesshouldbesmall in scale and no more than two stories inheight;


2.
Use appropriate local materials and detailing wherever possible, sympathetic to the design of properties in each identified characterarea;


3.
Take into consideration the protected views identified on Map


5.
These include all views towards Coventry where the Green Belt protects against urban sprawl and other views, as listed below:

  • View 1 View towards Coventry from LuntCottages;
  • View 2 View towards Coventry from RowleyRoad;
  • View 3 View West fromChurchyard;
  • View 4 View south from Church Road;and
  • View 5 View South-West from MillenniumField.


4.
Include suitable landscaping and boundary treatment which is appropriatetothecharacterofaruralWarwickshirevillagesuch as provision of low brick walls andhedges.


5. Designs should protect and enhance the setting of Lunt Fort and other built heritage assets.


Overall development should be sympathetic to the varied nature of each of the character areas within the village, which differ significantly.

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Planning Policies – Protecting and Enhancing Green Spaces


Baginton Village Green


5.37
The playing fields in Baginton are owned by the Parish Council. The playing fields contain numerous pieces of play equipment for young people of all ages. The village hall sits on separate land also owed by the Parish Council, with a large amenity field. The hall has a large central room which can be used for meetings, functions and indoor activities as required, with a separate smaller committee room. The management committee that runs the village hall has implemented a programme of refurbishment to bring the hall up to modern day standards and user expectations.


5.38
The village green and spinney is also owned by the Parish Council and is designated as common land. The pond is in need of refurbishment and the Old Oak needs attention.


5.39
The Millennium Field is rented by Baginton Parish Council for Coventry City Council for a peppercorn rent with over 80 years remaining on the lease. It is used for activities in the village including the football club, Bonfire and Party in the Park.


5.40
The green field between Baginton and Coventry, south of the A45/46, must be maintained as local green space to prevent urban sprawl.


5.41
The NPPF sets out in paragraphs 76 – 78, that subject to certain criteria, local communities can identify and protect local green spaces.


Para
76. Local communities through local and neighbourhood plans should beableto identify for special protection green areas of particular importance to them. By designating land as Local Green Space local communities will be able to rule out new development other than in very special circumstances. Identifying land as Local Green Space should therefore be consistent with the local planning of sustainable development and complement investment in sufficient homes, jobs and other essential services. Local Green Spaces should only be designated when a plan is prepared or reviewed, and be capable of enduring beyond the end of the planperiod.


Para
77. The Local Green Space designation will not be appropriate fo rmost green areas or open space. The designation should only beused:

where the green space is in reasonably close proximity to the community it serves;

where the green area is demonstrably special to a local community and holds a particular local significance ,for example because of its beauty, historic significance, recreational value (including as a playing field), tranquillity or richness of its wildlife;and

where the green area concerned is local in character and is not an extensive tract of land.


Para
78. Local policy for managing development within a Local Green Space should be consistent with policy for Green Belts.


5.42
Table 1 below sets out the justification for the identified local green spaces in Baginton.


Table 1 Local Green Spaces

Local Green Space

Close Proximity to LocalCommunity

Demonstrably Special

Local in Character

1. Millennium Fieldand VillageGreen

Sited within the old village centre which is now located at one end of the extended village. The field and green is roughly triangular is shape surrounded by roads. Housing is sited on the opposite side of the road on two sides with the   third   opens out

The Millennium field is a large field for community use, including dog walking, football club, Party in Park and Bonfire Night. Available to all the community for various events, it includes a working Farriers forge in current use.

The field is enclosed by natural hedges, whilst the "open field area" is bordered on two sides by a fledgling orchard.

The Green is bounded by Coventry Road, Church Road and the Millennium Field.


onto open farmland currently occupied by horses.

Village Green has the famous Baginton Oak, centuries old and protected, along with many other species.


2. Spinney and Pond near Baginton Oak

Located within the old village centre. This area is currently maintained as a rough natural area with the pond at its centre. Again, its located a one end of the extended village.

Pretty area of village, much valued by residents.

Together with village green area it forms part of the natural setting and backdrop for the historic Baginton Oak Tree.

Pond and Spinney

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The area is open and natural, set between on one side a small rural road and open fields on the other.

3.  Bagots Castle

Located on the outer edge of the old village. It is remote to the mainstream village, sitting beyond the 14th century listed church. The narrow lane which leads to the Church and Bagots Castle is bordered              by                            mixed housing, siting within a preservation area.

Unique attraction. While the site forms part of local history its value and relevance is a debated subject.

0.04ha

The castle is sited at the end of a gravel path leading on from Church road, the ruins look out over the local river and golf course and open farm land.

4.Lucy Price Playground

Centrally located within the village, at the junction of the three main access roads within Baginton. It is set back from the main road on a small triangle of land, bounded on two sides by a small access road with              housing (bungalows) on the opposite side.

Pleasant facility used both by local children and families from the surrounding areas.

A child play area providing play equipment within this a fenced off separated from the open ground provided for group games (football, cricket etc.) played by older children. It is seen as a safe environment for children.

0.42 ha

The area is bounded on two sides and overlooked by a small development of semidetached bungalows.  Providing a good open central setting for

a children's play area.

5. Green Space near Roman Way

Close to all Roman Way residents, to the south of Roman way and to the rear of properties, forming an enclosed pleasant space with tress and the river to the south.

Local open space used by local villagers, for general amenity.

0.08ha

This green space is bounded by the river to the south and by the housing to Roman Way.

6. Village hall andgrounds

Centrally placed in village, the village hall and        ground       are

Used for many

community events throughout the year,

0.49ha



located off Francis Road, near the Lucy Price Playing Field

including Dog Shows, May Fair, Christmas Party, evening meetings for community activities, Parties, celebrations and Weddings.

The Field is bounded by scrubland to the West and by village housing stock to the West and South.

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Planning Policies - Protecting Local Services
, Assets and Amenities

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Baginton Village Hall


5.43
The Baginton Parish Plan of 2011 identified the need to enhance and maintain the Baginton Small Services Directory annually, with details of local facilities and services providers. The Baginton Emergency Plan is also revised annually and recent new service included the provision of a public use defibrillator. There are many clubs in the village, such as the Baginton Gardeners, Dog Club, Parent and Toddler group, Art group, Children's Swimming Club, Coffee Circle, Baginton Walkers and others. It is intended to ensure these clubs are nurtured to ensure they survive in the long term. At this time there is no medical services provision in the village. Consideration could be given to the provision of a visiting medical service if this can be justified.


5.44
The Parish Council is therefore committed to the following actions:


Services – Actions for the Parish Council


1.
To promote the increased use of village community clubs via means of communication and meetingplaces.


2.
To ensure the Small Services Directory and Emergency Plans and maintained andenhanced.


3.
Toenableincreasecommunityengagementtotheprovisionofservicesfor villagerssuchastrainingfornewskills,carsharingandvoluntarytransport service for theelderly.


4.
To enhance security via Neighbourhood Watch with voluntary patrols and reportingmechanism.


5.
To aim at provision of a visiting medical service if this can bejustified.


5.45
Baginton village has many assets and amenities, including the old Oak tree, village green, pond and spinney, Lucy Price playground, Millennium Field, village hall and grounds, village website & notice boards, old smithy and other open spaces, the Church and grounds, the Lunt Fort and the Castle ruins. Other amenities include the facilities provided by the Old Mill Public House, The Oak Public House, and the British Legion as well as other businesses.


5.46
The 2011 Parish Plan recognised these amenities and sought to maintain and develop these in order to gain value and enhance benefits. Ideas included refurbishing the playground, adding new sporting facilities to the Millennium Field such as tennis courts, cricket pitch and bowling green. It also identified the need to consider and provide facilities for young people within the village, looked at how use of the facilities could be better communicated and how the amenities could be better utilised for the benefit of villagers and neighbouring communities.


5.47
The Parish Council is therefore committed to the following actions:


Assets and Amenities – Actions for the Parish Council


6.
To increase residents awareness of the opportunities available via village newsletter, website and noticeboards,


7.
To sustainably enhance educational, amenity sporting opportunities within the village to make better use of existing facilities such as the Millennium Field andothers.


8.
TopromotevillageeventssuchasthePartyInThePark,VillageBonfireand other communityevents.


9.
To actively share use of village amenities by surrounding communities though improvedcommunication.


Policy BAG5 Protecting Local Services, Assets and Amenities


The following local recreational facilities are protected:

  • Village hall andgrounds;
  • Oldsmithy;
  • The LuntFort;
  • MillenniumField;
  • VillageGreen.


There will be a presumption in favour of the re-use of such facilities for recreational, health, community type uses. The change of use of existing facilities to other uses will not be permitted unless the following can be demonstrated:


1. The proposal includes alternative provision, on a site within  the locality, of equivalent or enhanced facilities. Such sites should be accessible by public transport, walking and cycling and have adequate car parking;or


2.
There  is  no  longer  a  need  for  the  facility,  and  this  can    be demonstrated to the satisfaction of the ParishCouncil.


Development
whichcontributestowardstheimprovementofexisting, or provision of new recreational facilities will beencouraged.


A Green Infrastructure (GI) approach will be promoted for all new public
openspaceproposalsinordertosupportcommunityaccessand protect and enhance the natural and historic environment. Proposals must be designed to provide open space, sport and recreation uses which:

Are accessible toall;

Safeguard and enhance the natural and historic environment; and

Protect priority species and enhance habitats and sites of special biodiversityinterest.


Planning Policies - Road Traffic


5.48
The Parish Plan and Neighbourhood Plan consultations in Baginton identified significant safety and nuisance concerns amongst residents about issues such as vehicle volumes, speeding, noise, fumes, large numbers of HGV's and buses etc. Another safety issue is the lack of pavements around the Lunt and Millennium field which force people to cross the road adjacent to some blind bends. The Baginton Bridge pavements are very narrow particularly for parents with children and / or prams. Therefore either a separate footbridge similar to the one in Stoneleigh is required or the existing pavements need to be widened and the bridge made one way with traffic lights at either end. NOTE. If the Bridge was made one-way the chicane adjacent to the allotments would need to be removed.


5.49
There has been large increases in traffic volumes through the village in recent years as a result of the ongoing problems with the A46 / A45, the growth if the In-Transit business based on the Bubbenhall Road, increasing numbers of commuters from the Leamington Spa area, the JLR park and ride scheme based in Rowley road etc. While the completion of the Toll Bar End project may reduce traffic volumes in the medium term proactive efforts need to be made to ensure this happens in practice to deliver progressive reduction. Once the Toll Bar project is complete the large number of "not in service" buses currently using Mill Hill to access their base in Rowley Road should be actively encouraged to use the A45 – A46.


5.50
Twelve or so years ago the In-Transit business was entirely devoted to light weight commercial vehicles. They were then granted a licence to operate the 40 Ton articulated trucks. Since then there has been frequent damage to verges and bollards along Coventry Road towards Bubbenhall. The road is completely unsuited to high frequency use by large articulated HGV's and ways of mitigating the ongoing damage need to be addressed. Objective 6 is to reduce current traffic levels therefore any additional housing or businesses proposed for the area must address the traffic issue and define how traffic control promises will be enforced. Warwick District Council has already approved [outline planning permission] for Close Brethren School in Baginton and the traffic increases associated with this development have not been clearly addressed.


5.51
The 7.5 tonne limit on the Baginton Bridge over the River Sowe is poorly signposted and rarely enforced. The County Council are working to improve signage so that the rule is clear and that any transgressions will therefore be deliberate. The speed bumps in Baginton which were replaced recently are ineffective and continually have to be repaired because of their poor design and construction. There are many examples of effective speed reduction methods in other parts of Coventry and Warwickshire and around the UK. Baginton needs effective solutions to speeding and many think a 20mph limit should be introduced. Overall it is appropriate that developer contributions and other funding should be sought to improve traffic management and therefore enhance local quality of life in the Parish.


Policy BAG6 Traffic Management and Transport Improvements


Traffic measures which improve local road safety and the health and wellbeing of residents will be supported.


Developer contributions, Community Infrastructure Levy (CIL) payments and other funding will be sought towards the following initiatives within the Parish:


1.
Joint working with Warwick District Council, Warwickshire County Council and the police to measure traffic flows and speeds inBaginton;


2.
Development of a comprehensive long term plan for managing safety, volumes, speed, HGV's etc including such measures as effective speed humps, speed measurement, chicanes, speed limits, Community Speedwatch, adequate parking arrangements, enforcement of the parking regulationsetc;


3.
Improvements in public transport and working with the Councils and providers to meet theseneeds;


4.
Making Baginton a safe and attractive route for cyclists and pedestrians. In addition to vehicle traffic management this includes for example, roads and pavements free of pot holes, pavements of adequate useable width and additional pavements in some areas. New / improved cycle routes to surrounding towns, villages and places of employment are also needed.


Planning Policies - Commercial / industrial development and employment issues

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Smiths Nurseries, Baginton


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Baginton has SME (small and medium sized) businesses located in and around the village and the airport. In addition, there larger manufacturing and service enterprises located in the Middlemarch Business Park. Middlemarch Business Park has over 70 business including a major Royal Mail depot, food manufacturing, packaging manufacture, distribution depots etc. There are a wide range of engineering and business support companies as well as a children's soft play business.


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In the village there is the village shop and Post Office, two pub / restaurant / hotels, bed and breakfast, four garden centre businesses, a takeaway, the Royal British Legion, tree and garden services and a range of services based in residents' homes. The airport has a number of businesses including air freight, executive jets, helicopter training and services, flight simulator, aero club, air museum, electric railway museum, DC6 restaurant, granite processing etc. In the Parish around the village there are farms, livery, pet boarding, an aero products company, transport company and others.


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In consultations villagers have been clear that they want Baginton to remain as primarily a residential area. Villagers will support any sustainable business that provides employment and fits in with the residential nature of Baginton.


Policy BAG7 Commercial and Industrial Development and Employment


Employment related development appropriate to Baginton's location will be supported to ensure the Parish remains a sustainable and attractive residential area.


Investment which supports local job creation at Middlemarch is encouraged, in terms of expansion of existing businesses and attracting
newenterpriseswishingtolocateinandaroundthevillage.


New employment related development should contribute positively to the local community in Baginton and should not impact adversely on residential amenity and the quality of life enjoyed by residents or the built and natural environment of Baginton and its surroundings.


17 http://www.baginton-village.org.uk/parish-council/60-parish-plan

18 http://www.warwickdc.gov.uk/downloads/file/2386/v10_-_summary_of_housing_needs_surveys_-_november_2013

19 http://www.warwickdc.gov.uk/downloads/file/1549/appendix_7_-_landscape_sensitivity_and_ecological_and_geological_study

20 http://www.warwickdc.gov.uk/downloads/file/1585/assessment_tables

21 http://www.warwickdc.gov.uk/downloads/file/478/baginton_conservation_area

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